1491-93 Tempera on panel, 215 x192 cm Courtauld Institute Galleries, London The altarpiece shows the Holy Trinity with Mary Magdalene, St John the Baptist and Tobias and the Angel The Holy Trinity appears as a vision between the penitent saints Magdalene and John in a bleak desert landscape. The Baptist is inviting the observer to worship the Trinity, and Mary Magdalene is turning to face it full of emotion. The exhausted figure of the penitent, a late work of Donatello's, had a decisive influence on Botticelli's Magdalene. The penitent sinner was the patron saint of the nuns' monastery of the Magdalenes, and this pala or altarpiece was ordered for their church. The figures of Tobias and the angel are very small compared to the others. They might be a reference to the donors of the altar, the guild of doctors and apothecaries: archangel Raphael was their patron saint
Painting ID:: 62398
1491-93 Tempera on panel Courtauld Institute Galleries, London The archangel Raphael is leading the young Tobias by the hand. He is holding a small box, and Tobias is carrying a fish in a noose. The fish is Tobias' attribute. He was advised by the angel to use its gallbladder to restore his blind father's sight; the miraculous gallbladder was kept in the box. Artist: BOTTICELLI, Sandro Painting Title: Holy Trinity (detail) , 1451-1500 Painting Style: Italian , , religious
Painting ID:: 62942
Sandro Botticelli Italian Early Renaissance Painter, 1445-1510
Italian painter and draughtsman. In his lifetime he was one of the most esteemed painters in Italy, enjoying the patronage of the leading families of Florence, in particular the Medici and their banking clients. He was summoned to take part in the decoration of the Sistine Chapel in Rome, was highly commended by diplomatic agents to Ludovico Sforza in Milan and Isabella d Este in Mantua and also received enthusiastic praise from the famous mathematician Luca Pacioli and the humanist poet Ugolino Verino. By the time of his death, however, Botticelli s reputation was already waning. He was overshadowed first by the advent of what Vasari called the maniera devota, a new style by Perugino, Francesco Francia and the young Raphael, whose new and humanly affective sentiment, infused atmospheric effects and sweet colourism took Italy by storm; he was then eclipsed with the establishment immediately afterwards of the High Renaissance style, which Vasari called the modern manner, in the paintings of Michelangelo and the mature works of Raphael in the Vatican. From that time his name virtually disappeared until the reassessment of his reputation that gathered momentum in the 1890s Holy Trinity Date between 1491(1491) and 1493(1493)
Medium tempera and Oil on panel
Dimensions Height: 215 cm (84.6 in). Width: 192 cm (75.6 in).