1488-94 Fresco, 443 x 552 cm Sant'Agostino, Siena Francesco di Giorgio painted two scenes, the Nativity and The Birth of the Virgin, for the decoration of the chapel of family Bichi. Executed with a particular grisaille technique, the frescoes are the culmination of the artist's career as a painter. Artist: FRANCESCO DI GIORGIO MARTINI Painting Title: Nativity , 1451-1500 Painting Style: Italian , , religious
Painting ID:: 63084
Netherlandish Northern Renaissance Painter, ca.1410-1473 1452 Wood, 85,5 x 54,8 cm Groeninge Museum, Bruges The two panels by Christus, the Annunciation and the Nativity were quite badly worn, but painstakingly restored. Both of them are signed and dated (1452) and were probably painted as part of a triptych or polyptych. They reveal Christus as a precise designer of space and moulder of volumes. The figures in the Annunciation resemble statues arranged in a geometrically constructed show-case. It is the first painting in the Netherlands with a correct central perspective. , Artist: CHRISTUS, Petrus , Nativity , 1451-1500 , Flemish , painting , religious
Painting ID:: 63947
1500-05 Oil on oak panel with integrated frame, diameter 27,7 cm Sint-Janshospitaal, Damme This little work is a copy of Memling's Nativity in Cologne (Museum fer Angewandte Kunst) turned into a tondo. Both the composition and the colour scheme correspond. Joseph is wearing a red cape and Mary a dark blue one (which has now almost turned black) with a white garment underneath. This suggests that the prototype was still to be seen in or around Bruges. A few smaller details have been altered: the donkey is turning towards its manger on the right and the Virgin has a round aureole and a dark border to the neckline of her garment. Both these last details point to the early sixteenth century. , Artist: UNKNOWN MASTER, Flemish , Nativity , 1501-1550 , Flemish , painting , religious
Painting ID:: 64138
1475-1500 Oil on oak panel, 35,8 x 30,5 cm Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit The composition was inspired by the central panel of the Bladelin triptych (Berlin, Staatliche Museen) by Rogier van der Weyden. But as with Memling, the Virgin is here in an attitude of prayer (Nativity, Prado, Madrid; Floreins triptych, Memlingmuseum, Bruges). Formerly attributed to Van der Weyden and the Master of the Legend of St Catherine, it came to be regarded as a Bruges work by most art historians who expressed a view about it. , Artist: UNKNOWN MASTER, Flemish , Nativity , 1451-1500 , Flemish , painting , religious
Painting ID:: 64145
1400 Tempera on wood, 33 x 21 cm Museum Mayer van den Bergh, Antwerp This small panel originally belonged to a polyptych which was probably conceived as a portable altarpiece or devotional painting, as it could be folded up to a size that would fit readily into a small box or leather pouch. Other panels from the polyptych representing St Christopher and the Resurrection are also in the same museum. The iconography of St Joseph in the Nativity panel is unusual. What we find here is the story of 'Joseph's stockings'. Jesus' father sits at the bottom of the panel, cutting up one of his leggings. Certain Middle Dutch and German Christmas carols tell that the Christ Child was swaddled in cloth cut from this undergarment. Aachen Cathedral once owned a relic said to be 'Joseph's Stockings', which were the subject of intense veneration in around 1400. It is likely, therefore, therefore, that this little panel was produced in the Aachen area (or at least the region between the Meuse and Rhine), probably some time around 1400. , Artist: UNKNOWN MASTER, Flemish , Nativity , 1401-1450 , Flemish , painting , religious
Painting ID:: 64177
1200-50 Wood Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya, Barcelona The picture shows a detail of an altar frontal from Betese (L?rida). The Neo-Byzantine style of the first half of the thirteenth century is evident in the altar frontal Betesa. This example is from Catalonia, since work of this kind is seldom found in Aragon and Castile. , UNKNOWN MASTER, Spanish , Nativity , 1201-1250 , Spanish , painting , religious
Painting ID:: 64990
Hans Baldung Grien German
Hans Baldung Grien Galleries
The earliest pictures assigned to him by some are altar-pieces with the monogram H. B. interlaced, and the date of 1496, in the monastery chapel of Lichtenthal near Baden-Baden. Another early work is a portrait of the emperor Maximilian, drawn in 1501 on a leaf of a sketch-book now in the print-room at Karlsruhe. "The Martyrdom of St Sebastian and the Epiphany" (Berlin Museum), fruits of his labour in 1507, were painted for the market-church of Halle in Saxony.
Baldung's prints, though D??reresque, are very individual in style, and often in subject. They show little direct Italian influence. His paintings are less important than his prints. He worked mainly in woodcut, although he made six engravings, one very fine. He joined in the fashion for chiaroscuro woodcuts, adding a tone block to a woodcut of 1510. Most of his hundreds of woodcuts were commissioned for books, as was usual at the time; his "single-leaf" woodcuts (ie prints not for book illustration) are fewer than 100, though no two catalogues agree as to the exact number.
He was extremely interested in witches and made many images of them in different media, including several very beautiful drawings finished with bodycolour, which are more erotic than his treatments in other techniques.
Witch and Dragon. Drawing with bodycolour (b/w repro)Without absolute correctness as a draughtsman, his conception of human form is often very unpleasant, whilst a questionable taste is shown in ornament equally profuse and baroque. Nothing is more remarkable in his pictures than the pug-like shape of the faces, unless we except the coarseness of the extremities. No trace is apparent of any feeling for atmosphere or light and shade. Though Gr??n has been commonly called the Correggio of the north, his compositions are a curious medley of glaring and heterogeneous colours, in which pure black is contrasted with pale yellow, dirty grey, impure red and glowing green. Flesh is a mere glaze under which the features are indicated by lines. (1911)
His works are mainly interesting because of the wild and fantastic strength which some of them display. His Eve, the Serpent and Death (National Museum of Canada) shows his strengths well. We may pass lightly over the "Epiphany" of 1507, the "Crucifixion" of 1512, or the "Stoning of Stephen" of 1522, in the Berlin Museum. There is some force in the "Dance of Death" of 1517, in the museum of Basel, or the Madonna of 1530, in the Liechtenstein Gallery at Vienna. Gr??n's best effort is the altarpiece of Freiburg, where the Coronation of the Virgin, and the Twelve Apostles, the Annunciation, Visitation, Nativity and Flight into Egypt, and the Crucifixion, with portraits of donors, are executed with some of that fanciful power which Martin Schongauer bequeathed to the Swabian school.
As a portrait painter he is well known. He drew the likeness of Charles V, as well as that of Maximilian; and his bust of Margrave Philip in the Munich Gallery tells us that he was connected with the reigning family of Baden, as early as 1514. At a later period he had sittings from Margrave Christopher of Baden, Ottilia his wife, and all their children, and the picture containing these portraits is still in the grand-ducal gallery at Karlsruhe. Like D??rer and Cranach, Gr??n became a hearty supporter of the Reformation. He was present at the diet of Augsburg in 1518, and one of his woodcuts represents Luther under the protection of the Holy Ghost, which hovers over him in the shape of a dove. Nativity 1520(1520)
Medium oil on panel